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Animal Welfare Act and Alternatives to Painful Procedures


Affiliates of New York Medical College have access to proprietary resources such as Medline, Embase, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection and others, through the Health Sciences Library. Other databases that are helpful in the search for reduction, refinement, and replacement methods are:

  • AGRICOLA (U.S. Department of Agriculture): citations to publications encompassing all aspects of agriculture and allied disciplines, including animal sciences. 
  • Alternatives in Education (Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association): alternatives to harming or killing for various education levels.
  • ALTBIB: Bibliography on Alternatives to Animal Testing (U.S. National Library of Medicine): a searchable bibliography designed to assist in identifying methods and procedures helpful in supporting the development, testing, application, and validation of alternatives to the use of vertebrates in biomedical research and toxicology testing.
  • TOXNET (National Library of Medicine): a system of nine toxicology and environmental health databases. Search individually or across all databases.