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GSBMS Thesis Prep - Class Materials & Information

GSBMS Thesis Style Highlights

Document Text:

  • Standard typeface (such as Calibri or Times New Roman), 12 point font.
  • Double space all straight text. Quotations, footnotes, titles, table headings, legends and references should be single spaced.
  • Document should be left-justified with an unjustified ("ragged") right margin.

Styles:
The draft Guidelines include 4 styles, one of which should be used in the literature review, master's thesis or dissertation.

Similarities Among the 4 Styles:

  • List articles in alphabetical order by the last name of the first author under References. 
  • Author names are in bold font, separated by commas, with no periods after the initials except after the final name. 
  • Article title is in regular font, not italicized.
  • Journal title is in italic font, abbreviated, but with no periods except at the end of the title.
  • Use accepted Index Medicus abbreviations of journal names (search Journals in NCBI Databases from the PubMed home page).
  • No month or issue # is used unless there is no volume # or if each issue begins with page number one.

Differences Among the 4 Styles:

  • Style 1 is the only style that uses numbers for in-text citations. They are not superscript, like AMA. Articles are not listed in the reference list by order of occurrence, but by alphabetical designation.
  • Styles 2-4 use author name and date for in-text citations. 
  • Styles 1 and 2 use a numbered reference list. Styles 3 and 4 do not.
  • In Styles 2-4, with articles with two authors, list both names in in-text citations with an and between them. Articles with 3 or more authors use et al. in italics in in-text citations (even the first time they are mentioned). 
  • Styles 1-3 list the year - semicolon - volume - colon - inclusive pages - period, after the journal title. Style 4 lists the year of publication immediately following the last author’s name in the reference list, rather than following the journal title.

For more information, see Guidelines for Preparing the Master's Literature Review, the Master’s Thesis & the Doctoral Dissertation, the official text that provides information about the requirements of the Graduate School of Basic Medical Sciences, and the American Medical Association Manual of Style 10th edition (also available on Reserve in the Health Sciences Library, Call # WZ 345 A511 2007).

In-text citations: 
Once upon a time one group reported some interesting data (2).  But then some other investigators found conflicting results (1, 5).  This situation caused confusion and frustration (4).  Finally, some graduate students with a fresh perspective nailed it down and now we think we know why up is down and left is right (3). 
References:

  1. 
Afonina E, Neumann M, Pavlakis GN. Preferential binding of poly(A)-binding protein 1 to an inhibitory RNA element in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gag mRNA. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:2307-2311.
  2. 
Gabriel G, Dauber B, Wolff T, Planz O, Klenk HD, Stech J. The viral polymerase mediates adaptation of an avian influenza virus to a mammalian host. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2005;102:18590-18595. 
  3. 
Kuwahara S, Ikei A, Taguchi Y, Tabuchi Y, Fujimoto N, Obinata M, Uesugi S, Kurihara Y. PSPC1, NONO, and SFPQ are expressed in mouse sertoli cells and may function as coregulators of androgen receptor-mediated transcription. Biol Reprod. 2006;75:352-359.
  4. 
Shav-Tal Y, Zipori D. PSF and p54(nrb)/NonO--multi-functional nuclear proteins. FEBS Lett. 2002;531:109-114.
  5. 
Zolotukhin AS, Michalowski D, Bear J, Smulevitch SV, Traish AM, Peng R, Patton J, Shatsky IN, Felber BK. PSF acts through the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mRNA instability elements to regulate virus expression. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23:6618-6630.

In-text citations:
Once upon a time, Gabriel et al. (2005) reported some interesting data. But then some other investigators found conflicting results (Afonina et al., 1997; Zolotukhin et al., 2003). This situation caused confusion and frustration (Shav-Tal and Zipori, 2002). Finally, some graduate students with a fresh perspective nailed it down and now we think we know why up is down and left is right (Kuwahara et al., 2006).

References:

  1. 
Afonina E, Neumann M, Pavlakis GN. Preferential binding of poly(A)-binding protein 1 to an inhibitory RNA element in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gag mRNA. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:2307-2311.
  2. 
Gabriel G, Dauber B, Wolff T, Planz O, Klenk HD, Stech J. The viral polymerase mediates adaptation of an avian influenza virus to a mammalian host. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2005;102:18590-18595. 
  3. 
Kuwahara S, Ikei A, Taguchi Y, Tabuchi Y, Fujimoto N, Obinata M, Uesugi S, Kurihara Y. PSPC1, NONO, and SFPQ are expressed in mouse sertoli cells and may function as coregulators of androgen receptor-mediated transcription. Biol Reprod. 2006;75:352-359.
  4. 
Shav-Tal Y, Zipori D. PSF and p54(nrb)/NonO--multi-functional nuclear proteins. FEBS Lett. 2002;531:109-114.
  5. 
Zolotukhin AS, Michalowski D, Bear J, Smulevitch SV, Traish AM, Peng R, Patton J, Shatsky IN, Felber BK. PSF acts through the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mRNA instability elements to regulate virus expression. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23:6618-6630.

In-text citations: 
Once upon a time, Gabriel et al. (2005) reported some interesting data.  But then some other investigators found conflicting results (Afonina et al., 1997; Zolotukhin et al., 2003).  This situation caused confusion and frustration (Shav-Tal and Zipori, 2002).  Finally, some graduate students with a fresh perspective nailed it down and now we think we know why up is down and left is right (Kuwahara et al., 2006). 

References:

Afonina E, Neumann M, Pavlakis GN. Preferential binding of poly(A)-binding protein 1 to an inhibitory RNA element in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gag mRNA. J Biol Chem.1997;272:2307-2311. 

Gabriel G, Dauber B, Wolff T, Planz O, Klenk HD, Stech J. The viral polymerase mediates adaptation of an avian influenza virus to a mammalian host. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2005;102:18590-18595.  

Kuwahara S, Ikei A, Taguchi Y, Tabuchi Y, Fujimoto N, Obinata M, Uesugi S, Kurihara Y. PSPC1, NONO, and SFPQ are expressed in mouse sertoli cells and may function as coregulators of androgen receptor-mediated transcription. Biol Reprod. 2006;75:352-359. 

Shav-Tal Y, Zipori D. PSF and p54(nrb)/NonO--multi-functional nuclear proteins. FEBS Lett. 2002;531:109-114. 

 Zolotukhin AS, Michalowski D, Bear J, Smulevitch SV, Traish AM, Peng R, Patton J, Shatsky IN, Felber BK. PSF acts through the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mRNA instability elements to regulate virus expression. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23:6618-6630.

In-text citations: 
Once upon a time, Gabriel et al. (2005) reported some interesting data.  But then some other investigators found conflicting results (Afonina et al., 1997; Zolotukhin et al., 2003).  This situation caused confusion and frustration (Shav-Tal and Zipori, 2002).  Finally, some graduate students with a fresh perspective nailed it down and now we think we know why up is down and left is right (Kuwahara et al., 2006).

References:

Afonina E, Neumann M, Pavlakis GN. 1997. Preferential binding of poly(A)-binding protein 1 to an inhibitory RNA element in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gag mRNA. J Biol Chem. 272:2307-2311. 

Gabriel G, Dauber B, Wolff T, Planz O, Klenk HD, Stech J. 2005. The viral polymerase mediates adaptation of an avian influenza virus to a mammalian host. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 102:18590-18595.  

 Kuwahara S, Ikei A, Taguchi Y, Tabuchi Y, Fujimoto N, Obinata M, Uesugi S, Kurihara Y. 2006. PSPC1, NONO, and SFPQ are expressed in mouse sertoli cells and may function as coregulators of androgen receptor-mediated transcription. Biol Reprod. 75:352-359. 

Shav-Tal Y, Zipori D. 2002. PSF and p54(nrb)/NonO--multi-functional nuclear proteins. FEBS Lett. 531:109-114. 

Zolotukhin AS, Michalowski D, Bear J, Smulevitch SV, Traish AM, Peng R, Patton J, Shatsky IN, Felber BK. 2003. PSF acts through the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mRNA instability elements to regulate virus expression. Mol Cell Biol. 23:6618-6630.
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