The GSBMS Thesis Style:
This is the style, which should be used in the literature review, master's thesis or dissertation.
Rules for References:
Use only initials of each author’s given names; no spaces between initials.
For a journal article, include full page numbers.
For more information, see Guidelines for Preparing the Master's Literature Review, the Master’s Thesis & the Doctoral Dissertation, the official text that provides information about the requirements of the Graduate School of Basic Medical Sciences, and the American Medical Association Manual of Style 10th edition (also available on Reserve in the Health Sciences Library, Call # WZ 345 A511 2007).
The work in the text should be cited by using the authors’ name(s) and publication year.
Example: One author:
Example: Two authors:
(Jones and March, 2005)
Example: Three or more authors:
(Crosby et al., 2008)
The “et al.” formula should be used when there are three or more authors. In the case of multiple entries, use suffixes appended to the year, as in Jones and March 2005a; Jones and March, 2005b
Some other investigators found conflicting results (Afonina et al., 1997; Zolotukhin et al., 2003). This situation caused confusion and frustration (Shav-Tal and Zipori, 2002). Finally, some graduate students with a fresh perspective nailed it down and now we think we know why up is down and left is right (Kuwahara et al., 2006).
American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (2019). 2019 ACC/AHA Guideline on the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Retrieved from http://www.onlinejacc.org/sites/default/files/additional_assets/guidelines/Prevention-Guidelines-Made-Simple.pdf
Hsieh T-C and Wu JM (2018). Unraveling and Trailblazing Cardioprotection by Resveratrol. In JM Wu & T-C Hsieh (Eds), Resveratrol: State-of-th-Art Science and Health Applications (pp 1-28). Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Cuesta R, Gritsenko MA, Petyuk VA, Shukla AK, Tsai CF, Liu T, McDermott JE, Holz MK (2019). Phosphoproteome Analysis Reveals Estrogen-ER Pathway as a Modulator of mTOR Activity Via DEPTOR. Mol Cell Proteomics. 18:1607-1618.
You should only cite literature/resources that you read.
If you are referring to a study that is discussed within another published document (i.e., citing indirect sources/ secondary sources), you can cite in one of two ways:
(Fried as cited in Etlinger, 2000)
(or cited in Etlinger, 2000).
The use of secondary sources is useful if the original article is not available or is not written in English. In this case, only the secondary source is listed in the reference list. Please use secondary sources sparingly.