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APA (7/e) Style Guide

A guide to help users create citations in APA (American Psychological Association) 7 style.

A Note on Audiovisual Resources

Chapter 10 sections 10.12-10.14 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is dedicated to formatting audiovisual resources in your reference list. What is presented here is a brief overview on some of this topic based on the rules found in the manual. For more details and exceptions to the rules, be sure to reference the manual.

General Audiovisual Resource Format

  • Complete information on what to include in an audiovisual resource (whether in analog or digital format) citation can be found right before section 10.12 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition.
  • Below is the general format of a reference citation for an audiovisual resource:

Author Last Name, Author First Initial. Author Middle Initial. (Date). Title of the work [Description]. Publisher Name. URL

Audiovisual Resource Examples

EXAMPLES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2019, October 18). Be prepared, not scared [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gdxutkl5BC0

Klayman, A. (Director). (2018). Take your pills [Film]. Motto Pictures; Netflix Studios. https://www.netflix.com/title/80117831

Spurlock, M. (Actor & Director). (2004). Super size me [Film]. The Con.

TEDMED. (2019, October 22). The art and science of our digital selves [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfqhUO1_u28

Wells, M. (Writer). (2019, July 11). Grave diagnosis (Season 13, Episode 1) [TV series episode]. In D. Massar (Executive Producer), Untold Stories of the ER. GRB Entertainment.

NOTE: These are citations for images. If you want to reproduce, reprint, or adapt an image in your work, you may have to request permission and include a copyright attribution in your work. For more details on reprinting and copyright, reference chapter 12 sections 12.14-12.18 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition.

EXAMPLES

Heiman, C. (2017). This way... [Photograph]. In R. Mehdizadeh & L. Malekan (Eds.). (2017). Quill & Scope, IX. https://touroscholar.touro.edu/quill_and_scope_images/149/

Janoian, P. (2011). Sunshine Cottage Road [Photograph]. In L. DeMello, N. Shams, & G. Stern (Eds.). (2011) Quill & Scope, IV. https://touroscholar.touro.edu/quill_and_scope_images/59/

Qian, L. (2016). Breathe easy [Painting]. In A. Lichtenberg, B. Wentworth, & T. Plumer (Eds.). (2018). Quill & Scope, X. https://touroscholar.touro.edu/quill_and_scope_images/8/